The Great “O” Antiphons

As I find myself happily ensconced in an academic setting nowadays, relieved of the daily duties of a liturgical musician – and missing them deeply, especially during Holy Week and Advent – I am aware of myself taking an increasingly passionate interest in the riches of Anglo-Catholic liturgy. In the past, I have created musical settings of The Advent Prose and The Anthems At The Mandatum, which have been useful additions to Advent Sundays and Maundy Thursday respectively. Often, I have found inspiration in the plainsong melodies associated with early sung versions of these texts, as in my eight-movement sequence for Christmas entitled Alleluia! Puer Natus Est Nobis.


The “O” Antiphons are seven Magnificat antiphons used at Vespers during the last week of Advent. Each antiphon is assigned to a specific day between December 17th and December 23rd.  During the past seven days, I have set myself the task of composing a musical setting of each of these antiphons, as they reflect on the prophecy of Isaiah and the coming of the Messiah. I decided to compose my setting of each antiphon on its assigned day, and devised a rhythmic, melodic and harmonic scheme for each, giving the set of seven a unifying progression. This progression is explained in detail below. While I approached these self-imposed constraints with a distinct level of freedom, I was able to use the pattern to give my creative process some form and structure. I hope that this has resulted in beautiful music, transcending any technical aspects of the task at hand.

Each of the seven antiphons opens with a straightforward statement of the initial words (O Sapientia, O Adonai, O Radix Jesse etc.) using the same musical material for each, based on the Gregorian Chant melody. After this, each antiphon takes on a character of its own, using key signatures that rise in complexity, moving from E minor (one sharp) to A sharp minor (seven sharps) which is notated as B flat minor in this case, for ease of reading. Time signatures for each antiphon become less complex as the set proceeds, moving from 7/8 to an unusual 1/1. Additionally, each antiphon features – to a greater or lesser degree – a certain interval. These move from octaves (and unisons) through 2nds, 3rds, and all the way to 7ths for the final antiphon. The central movement, O Clavis David, achieves a happy coincidence of numerology where, as the fourth piece in the set, it has four flats in the key signature, the time signature is 4/4, and the interval of a fourth is featured! Details for each antiphon are presented below, along with the texts and translations, and the first page of each piece.

My settings of the Great “O” Antiphons will be published by Biretta Books and sample copies are available immediately from Nicholas White.


(Interval: Octave/Unison; Key sig: One sharp (E minor); Time sig: 7/8)

O Sapientia, quae ex ore Altissimi prodiisti, attingens a fine usque ad finem, fortiter suaviterque disponens omnia: veni ad docendum nos viam prudentiae.

O Wisdom, coming forth from the mouth of the Most High, reaching from one end to the other, mightily and sweetly ordering all things: come and teach us the way of prudence.

o-adonai-full-score(Interval: 2nd ; Key sig: Two flats (G minor); Time sig: 6/8)

O Adonai, et Dux domus Israel, qui Moysi in igne flammae rubi apparuisti, et ei in Sina legem dedisti: veni ad redimendum nos in brachio extento.

O Adonai, and leader of the House of Israel, who appeared to Moses in the fire of the burning bush and gave him the law on Sinai: come and redeem us with an outstretched arm.o-radix-jesse-full-score(Interval: 3rd; Key sig: Three sharps (F sharp minor); Time sig: 5/8)

O Radix Jesse, qui stas in signum populorum, super quem continebunt reges os suum, quem Gentes deprecabuntur: veni ad liberandum nos, jam noli tardare.

O Root of Jesse, standing as a sign among the peoples; before you kings will shut their mouths, to you the nations will make their prayer: come and deliver us, and delay no longer.o-clavis-david-full-score(Interval: 4th; Key sig: Four flats (F minor/A flat major); Time sig: 4/4)

O Clavis David, et sceptrum domus Israel; qui aperis, et nemo claudit; claudis, et nemo aperit: veni, et educ vinctum de domo carceris, sedentem in tenebris, et umbra mortis.

O Key of David and sceptre of the House of Israel; you open and no one can shut; you shut and no one can open: come and lead the prisoners from the prison house, those who dwell in darkness and the shadow of death.o-oriens-full-score(Interval: 5th; Key sig: Five sharps (G sharp minor); Time sig: 3/4)

O Oriens, splendor lucis aeternae, et sol justitiae: veni, et illumina sedentes in tenebris, et umbra mortis.

O Morning Star, splendour of light eternal and sun of righteousness: come and enlighten those who dwell  in darkness and the shadow of death.o-rex-gentium-full-score(Interval: 6th; Key sig: Six flats (E flat minor); Time sig: 2/2)

O Rex Gentium, et desideratus earum, lapisque angularis, qui facis utraque unum: veni, et salva hominem, quem de limo formasti.

O King of the nations, and their desire, the cornerstone making both one: come and save the human race, which you fashioned from clay.o-emmanuel-full-score(Interval: 7th; Key sig: Seven sharps (A sharp minor) – written enharmonically with five flats (B flat minor) – Time sig: 1/1)

O Emmanuel, Rex et legifer noster, exspectatio Gentium, et Salvator earum: veni ad salvandum nos, Domine, Deus noster.

O Emmanuel, our king and our lawgiver, the hope of the nations and their Saviour: come and save us, O Lord our God.o-antiphons-chart

How Can I Keep From Singing?

St. Paul’s School Chapel of St Peter and St Paul Concord, NH. Karen Bobotas Photographer

This blog entry is based upon a Chapel Talk I gave at St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH on Tuesday, September 20, 2016. It was designed to give some perspective on the way we include the singing of hymns in our unique chapel environment, which is rooted in the Episcopal tradition, and open and welcoming to people of all faith backgrounds.

This morning we are going to talk a little bit about how and why we sing hymns in chapel. Singing together is something that people have done for many, many centuries. In this chapel, we use the Episcopal Hymnal, as well as the Hymnal Supplement and occasional hymns that are on handouts. Some of these hymns are better known than others, and I like to think that part of everyone’s experience at St. Paul’s School is the opportunity to become familiar with the great heritage of Anglican hymnody that has become such a rich part of our Episcopal tradition. As with everything that we do in the chapel, we are not in the business of forcing this aspect of our life together upon all who enter this building, and I’m certainly not in the business of berating people for not singing. Most importantly, we are inviting you in to experience this wonderful music and poetry and, hopefully, develop some favorite hymns, be part of the communal activity, and take the memories of these expressions of joy, sadness, hope, grandeur and mission away with you into the world. I simply ask you to consider this. If you enjoy music and singing, are you being true to yourself during the hymn, or are you more concerned with what other people are thinking about you? If you like music, but you have never experienced group singing before, are you able to stand and appreciate the sounds around you, and feel part of the community during this moment of communal music-making? If you have been here for a while, are you encouraging others to join in the singing with your body language, or are you impacting the energy in the room by resisting the activity?

Our time in chapel allows us the opportunity to reclaim some of this integrity, to leave the outside world at the door for a few minutes each day, and to be creators and influencers of societal norms rather than followers.

Our society has lost a great deal of the value of communal singing in recent years. With the omnipresence of recorded music, the “insta-music” now available to people via digital media, the emphasis on an overly-produced studio sound, and the feeling that anyone can be a star…courtesy of TV programs like American Idol and tools like Garage Band…society has unintentionally devalued the more integral aspects of music-making in favor of glitz and glamor. Our time in chapel allows us the opportunity to reclaim some of this integrity, to leave the outside world at the door for a few minutes each day, and to be creators and influencers of societal norms rather than followers.

So, let’s change course for a minute, and sing something of which most of us will have a working knowledge. If I sing this phrase to you, what will you sing in response?

Old MacDonald had a farm…

E-yi, e-yi-o.

And on that farm he had a dog…

E-yi, e-yi-o.

(At this point, the entire teaching faculty of the school were asked to stand and sing “With a woof-woof here” – which they did enthusiastically! – and then each form in sequence, as follows:)

 Faculty – Dog

6th form – Cat

5th form – Sheep

4th form – Cow

3rd form – Chicken

So, you can sing! Or even if you think you cannot sing, we as a community can! Leave your inhibitions at the door, throw caution to the wind, engage the part of you that doesn’t care what other people think, and put it out there for all to hear. All types of singing have positive psychological effects. The act of singing releases endorphins, the brain’s “feel good” chemicals. Singing in a group setting naturally builds confidence, which has broad and long-lasting effects on general well-being.

So, my invitation to all of you, as we gather here each morning is this. As you become more and more familiar with the hymns that we sing, try joining in the singing with your neighbor, or your partner across the aisle. If you find it uncomfortable, think of it as just another one of those challenges with which you are faced each day. Who knows, you may start to enjoy it, and get really good at it.

And then you can join the choir…!


Training a high school chapel choir


I have spent my whole life involved in the solitary practice, the group rehearsal and the public performance of choral music. I was therefore relieved upon arriving at SPS five years ago that I could apply a great deal of this experience to my most cherished duty at the school: the training and conducting of the Chapel Choir. As a young boy, I remember learning the nuts and bolts of singing by standing in the midst of several like-minded children who soaked in the sounds that the building generated around them. My love of organ music was born at the same time, and through this shared experience of creating sound with our youthful voices, and blending it with the natural acoustic and powerful organ sound surrounding us, my understanding of how to translate various marks on a page into beautiful music underwent something of a miraculous development. I caught the bug, and have spent the rest of my life attempting to share this with others.


Part coach, part informer, part responder, I wear my heart on my sleeve, and frequently have it broken.

My approach to the training of the choir is deeply influenced by this formative experience. In truth, if I am doing my job well, the young singers will learn from each other, by osmosis. I endeavor to say the things that will motivate and inspire them. I try to approach each rehearsal with a level of consistency. I try to read the room, and respond to the energy. I hope to lead by example. The more prepared I can be, the better the rehearsal will go. However, the slightest deviation from my plan – a sick soprano, an absent alto, a tardy tenor, a bolshy bass – can necessitate an on-the-spot rethinking of the rehearsal. I love what I do, so I can easily communicate my ideas to these fifty students with a level of integrity. Part coach, part informer, part responder, I wear my heart on my sleeve, and frequently have it broken. Equally, however, my heart is filled with the kind of joy that only music can bring, and the kind of satisfaction that comes from leading a group of young singers from point A to point B, and seeing and hearing the progression and joy this brings. I find that our students are serious about their commitment to the choir, they look to each other for support, and they learn to love music that may never have entered their sphere of knowledge somewhere else. They communicate this attitude and these values to newer members of the choir, and they listen to the sound that they produce with critical ears. Most importantly, however, they hold their heads high and sing with total abandon, revealing uninhibitedly the fruits of the process into which they have entered.

Many cold, damp, solitary post-rehearsal walks back to Foster House from the chapel are liberally seasoned with the salt of self-doubt.

So, does it always go as idealistically as the previous paragraph would suggest? Maybe not? Many cold, damp, solitary post-rehearsal walks back to Foster House from the chapel are liberally seasoned with the salt of self-doubt. As Parker Palmer says in The Courage To Teach, “Small wonder, then, that teaching tugs at the heart, opens the heart, even breaks the heart—and the more one loves teaching, the more heartbreaking it can be.”  Some rehearsals and some performances are better than others. However, by putting the responsibility into the students’ hands for the rehearsal process to go well – and, yes, that does often take twice as much preparation and energy on my part – there is a healthy balance of communication, hard work and fun. Am I ever indispensable as a choir director? I hope not. That would break my heart! However, my goal is to prepare the ensemble in such a way as to ensure their success in performance, regardless of my presence on the podium. After all, autopilot was invented for a reason…!


Conversation, Commission, Commitment, Composition and Collaboration



One of the many collaborative aspects of being a composer is the commissioning process. This may or may not involve the exchange of money, although some type of commitment from the commissioning organization is desirable. Sometimes a project can be quite lucrative financially, and sometimes the main reward comes from a superb performance or recording of the new work. The promise of additional performances by other organizations is also much appreciated. The collaborative aspect of the process can reveal itself in many ways, and will often result in tremendously rewarding partnerships. Collaborative commissions in which I have been involved have included texts being written by members of the commissioning organization, ensembles coming together to sponsor a joint project, interdisciplinary works involving dance or readings, memorial events where the commissioned piece contributes in a meaningful way to the service or concert, works that are requested for very specific combinations of instruments and singers, and requests for new musical settings of classic poetry. There may be crossover, and certainly a good amount of flexibility from both sides, with all the aforementioned scenarios. Conversely, I have frequently been given a completely blank slate, with total freedom to compose whatever I desired.

My very first commission was to compose an arrangement of the African-American spiritual Steal Away. This piece was written very quickly in 1990, especially for a tour of England by the Chancel Choir of First United Methodist Church, Lubbock, Texas. It remains the top-selling published piece from my catalog!

During the coming months, there will be several performances of my compositions, and I will mention six of them here. Some of these will be “first performances” of brand new works, and some will be repeat performances of previously composed works. All of these upcoming performances will represent a continuation of the journey that began – however many years go – with an initial conversation, a commissioning, a commitment from both sides, a compositional process, and through all of this…a fruitful collaboration. I am truly grateful for the opportunities that led to the creation of these works, and equally grateful for the opportunities that keep the music alive, being brought off the page in a variety of ways, for a variety of occasions, as time goes by.

1. October 11 at St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH – Four Latin Motets (2016)FOUR LATIN MOTETS

The composition of my Ubi caritas, Tota pulchra es, Tu es Petrus and Tantum ergo took place in July 2016, and represents a departure from the norm in terms of their first performance. I had set myself the challenge of composing all four of these Latin motets – the same texts set by Maurice Duruflé last century – with the simple intention of performing them with my own choirs over the coming season. They were not composed with a specific occasion in mind. I cannot imagine a more fortuitous and serendipitous set of circumstances than that which has resulted in their first performance being scheduled for this October. During a phone conversation with Mike McCarthy, director of the outstanding chamber choir Cathedra from Washington DC, regarding their upcoming concert at St. Paul’s School, Mike casually, and generously, mentioned that there was “no Nicholas White on the program, and we should rectify that!” I was truly honored by this kind gesture, and said I would send him some possibilities. When I got off the phone, I realized that the Four Latin Motets were the perfect pieces to send. I e-mailed Mike the PDFs, and he got back to me later that same day saying, “Yes! These will be the perfect partner to Stanford’s Three Latin Motets in the first half of the program!” Boom! Decision made. Just like that. Truly an exciting, meaningful and heartwarming collaboration.

2. October 23 at St. John’s Cathedral, Albuquerque, NM – The Choir Invisible (2013)

My setting of this gorgeous poem by George Eliot came from a collaborative effort with Maxine Thévenot (Director of Music) and the people of The Cathedral of St. John in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The poem was chosen by the chief commissioner, and several other members of the parish supported the project. The first performance took place in April 2013, and I was able to travel to Albuquerque to conduct it with their superb Cathedral Choir, and Maxine at the organ. In addition, I stayed in the home of John Homko, the chief commissioner, and was able to experience the wonderful city of Albuquerque. I rehearsed twice with the choir, and also had the opportunity to speak about The Choir Invisible at a forum following the service. This was part of an ongoing commissioning project that has now yielded ten pieces of music by ten composers. I feel honored to be included in this list of talented musicians from across the globe. More information about the Cathedral Commissions may be found HERE, and a performance of all ten pieces will take place at the cathedral on October 23.


3. November 6 at St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH – The Andover Canticles (2015)

Last year, my good friend and colleague, Barbara Bruns, marked her 10-year anniversary as Minister of Music of Christ Church, Andover, MA. Completely unbeknownst to Barbara, members of the parish choir, led by tenor Don DeLollis, decided to commission a new setting of the Evensong canticles in Barbara’s honor. This was a particularly joyous collaboration, for several reasons. I have worked with Barbara in many venues over the past 20 years, and this has been a very special collaborative and supportive relationship. I have worked with the Christ Church choir on many occasions, as conductor, organist and composer. I know many of the wonderful congregation members at the church. In addition, Andover is within an hour’s drive from St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH, and I have frequently been able to take the Chapel Choir from the school down to sing with the Christ Church parish choir. On November 6, we will sing this setting of the Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis for Choral Evensong  at the Chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul, on the school campus.

4. December 2 at Church of the Advent, Boston, MA – Alleluia! Puer Natus Est (2002)

In 2002, I wrote an eight movement sequence for Christmas, based on the plainsong melody Puer natus est nobis (A boy is born for us).

Finale 2003 - [PuerNatusEstNobis_ChantThere are four carols – O magnum mysterium, Quem vidistis, Videntes stellam and Hodie Christus natus est – and these are broken up by Alleluia sections, based on the plainsong above. I recorded the sequence with The Tiffany Consort in 2004, and several performances have taken place with a variety of choirs since then. The carols have been excerpted from the larger work, and O magnum mysterium has achieved great popularity, especially in Japan, Korea, Indonesia and The Philippines. As with my new Latin Motets (above) this sequence was not written in response to a commission. However, many opportunities have presented themselves over the years for further performances. The Boston Cecilia performed the sequence in 2006, under the direction of my predecessor, Donald Teeters, and I was able to attend that performance. This December, exactly ten years later, we will reprise that performance with The Boston Cecilia in the very same space – and what a space it is! – the glorious Church of the Advent. Donald was a hugely generous supporter of fledgling talent, both in the realm of singers and instrumentalists, and especially of composers. This is an example of conversation, commitment…and compassion…spread over a long period of fruitful collaboration. I am most grateful for this.

5. December 11 at St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH – The Crib And The Cross (2016)

A particularly meaningful creation from earlier this summer is my new carol for this Christmas – The Crib And The Cross – which is a setting of Benjamin Boulter’s poignant poem. I composed it as a gift for my parents, who celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in July. It was definitely “Christmas in July” as I presented it to them on the island of Aruba, in the 90 degree heat of the Caribbean, while we were vacationing together! In a sense, this was fulfilling a commission too. Earlier this year, my publisher – Fr. Scott Haynes of Biretta Books in Chicago – asked if I had ever seen the poem before, and urged me to compose a musical setting of it when the mood seemed right. Well, the occasion presented itself, and here it is. I am very grateful to Scott, not only for this suggestion, but for his great support of me as a composer. Biretta Books has published over forty of my compositions, including all of the works mentioned here.

The Crib And The Cross - Full Score

This carol will receive performances by the SPS Chapel Choir, The Boston Cecilia and The Chancel Choir of FUMC Lubbock, TX during the month of December.

6. December 18 at First United Methodist Church, Lubbock, TX – Gloria (2015)

From 2007-2011, I was the Artistic Director of Joyful Noise, Inc. in Northwest Connecticut. The outstanding children’s choir, Chorus Angelicus, and the wonderfully talented and committed adult ensemble, Gaudeamus, give several concerts together each year. 2016 marked their 25th season, and they asked me to compose a piece in celebration of this milestone. Again, we were creative in our approach. Gabriel Löfvall, the current Artistic Director, gave me complete freedom to compose whatever I desired. I had been wanting to write a large-scale setting of the Gloria in Latin, to mirror my 1997 composition Magnificat. I offered to compose the piece for Joyful Noise, and in lieu of a commission fee we agreed that the cost of the orchestra and soloists would be covered by them. As the collaborative side of the project was established, we agreed to give one performance in Connecticut and one at St. Paul’s School, with members of The Boston Cecilia and The Chapel Choir of St. Paul’s School as the host choir.


It was a richly rewarding collaboration, and I am pleased to say that after more than a quarter century of activity as a composer, things are coming full circle. Having written several pieces for the Chancel Choir of First United Methodist Church, Lubbock, Texas…the first of which was Steal Away, mentioned at the top of this story…I will be returning to Lubbock this December to give the third performance of my Gloria. This wonderful choir has commissioned works (including The First Song Of IsaiahAve Verum Corpus and I Lift Up My Eyes)  given premieres (including Magnificat and Steal Away) and have always supported my work as a composer. My work with Gordon McMillan and Chris Betts, former Ministers of Music at the church, has produced some of the most memorable collaborations over the years, and I am thrilled that the Vesper Concert Series will be presenting my latest major work this Christmas, in the church that was my first port of call in the States, and which I first visited almost 30 years ago!

FUMC Lubbock Sanctuary

Our Duty And Delight



One of the many things I rejoice in at this point in time is the fact that I have lived through a time of radical reinvention of something that is extremely important to me. The reason I say “lived” in the past tense is that I am actually feeling confident that the pendulum is swinging back in the other direction, and much of what has been attempted and prioritized over the last several decades is now being left in the dust, acknowledged as a bad idea – or, at least rather misled – and we are experiencing a resurgence in the value placed on something that I grew up with as a young boy. Of course this is my opinion. And this is my blog. But everyone likes it when their opinion is ratified by evidence, right?

The subject to which I refer is the way in which we conduct worship in the Episcopal Church. I have read countless articles during the last few years that have expressed in no uncertain terms that millennials, the youth of today, teens…however you want to refer to them…are searching for, responding to, and coming out in droves for a worship experience that offers a sense of mystery, formality, repetition, tradition and quiet piety. In short, everything that I remember having in my church experience as a child.

There were two recent articles that came across my desk this past week, and the first is excerpted below. Click on the link for the full interview with John Piper.

Should Children Sit Through “Big Church”?

“…anecdotal evidence suggests that many young people are longing for a greater sense of transcendence in their faith and piety than what may be found in services with less vintage than Pixar films. Indeed, I’ve found this to be true in my own interactions with college students. We live in a frenetic age in which much about our daily existence is in constant flux, and therefore I believe many students long for a piety that does not ride the waves of cultural and theological faddism; many long for a piety that transcends the “cultural now,” and thereby provides a place of solace and quiet in a world of noise.”

“It seemed to us that for at least one hour a week out of 168 we should sustain a maximum intensity of moving reverence.”

“Sunday morning we called the Mount of Transfiguration, meaning, an awesome place of glory where you fall on your face almost speechless in the presence of God. And Sunday evening — or Wednesday evening or whatever else you do — is the Mount of Olives, which was the familiar spot where Jesus probably lay down, put his hand on his elbow, and talked things over with his disciples. That is utterly crucial in the church as well.”

My fondest memories of church as a child were, of course, based around singing in the choir. The “total” experience was formative, enriching, powerful, social, mystical and memorable. As the final paragraph above suggests, the main focus of the week, and of our work as a choir, was the Sunday morning eucharist. However, the Friday evening rehearsals, the Saturday weddings, the Sunday evening services, the carol singing at people’s homes, and the trips to the local pub were all part of my busy life outside of school. And I loved it. There was a gentle but highly respectful formality in tone for each Sunday morning – the Mount of Transfiguration, mentioned above – and the other services in the week featured a more familiar but equally valued aura as we experienced the edification that a service of Evensong, or music and readings could offer – the Mount of Olives, mentioned above. My sister and I would often get the giggles during the quiet bits, as very young children, and the temptation to bring the worst out in each other was unavoidable. However, the respect we felt for the occasion was genuine, and this probably contributed to the release of the moment!

Two amusing memories of my perception of liturgical detail come to mind:

  1. Every time the congregation would respond with “Thanks be to God” I thought they were saying “Thanks, Peter God” since the curate’s name was Peter, and I assumed we were responding to his reading of the collect.
  2. The rector would give the prayer of invitation to communion – “Draw near with faith. Receive the body of our Lord Jesus Christ which he gave for you and his blood which he shed for you. Eat and drink in remembrance that he died for you, and feed on him in your hearts by faith with thanksgiving.” I thought he was referring to the soprano in the choir, Faith Woolston, and assumed that she had written the prayer, because it said at the end, “By Faith, with thanksgiving.”

I didn’t always understand, but I absorbed…

Church Pic
The Church of St. John the Baptist, Meopham, where it all began for me.

I was always in church. Never in Sunday School. And I realize that this is where my deep-seated love of good liturgy and good music began. I cannot accept that reinvention, reimagining and all of the experimentation of the last few decades has had any lasting value. It is indisputably based upon the notion that it would result in an increase in church membership, an engagement of a broader cross-section of minds and backgrounds, and an enhancement of a mission-driven approach to the church. Mission is a crucial part of the church, however it begins with a worthy worship experience. This important detail has become sidelined, or even lost, along with a ruthless throwing out of the baby with the bathwater, and a general disregard for and divergence from the Book of Common Prayer, as “creative” minds have put their stamp on liturgical expression.

The fact that many young people “long for a piety that transcends the cultural now, and thereby provides a place of solace and quiet in a world of noise” is hugely encouraging to me. I see it first hand in a school chapel environment (distinctly not a place where there is a fiscal urgency to get bums in seats, as they say) where we can offer weekly compline services by candlelight, traditional evensong services, and other thoughtfully and respectfully conceived services which are true to the Episcopal foundation of the school, and are welcoming and inclusive of a student, a teacher or a member of the general public from any faith background.

photo 2 (106)
My eighteen month old son, Eliot, joined me in an awe-struck walk through the Chapel of St. Peter & St. Paul when we first moved to St. Paul’s School in 2011. He still loves the chapel.

And so, to the second article that came to light. Again, it is excerpted below, and click on the link for the full article by Fr. Clint Wilson.

More Evensong, please

“The Church needs to seize upon this cultural moment and pull from the riches of our tradition to meet the longings and desires of the so-called unchurched or de-churched. There is no need to reinvent the wheel here; we can trust our traditions to do more of the heavy lifting of discipleship than our newly baked-up methodologies. For Anglicans, I propose one of the greatest gifts we can give is Evensong.”

My hope is that we are returning to cherished traditions, we are rejecting superficiality, and we are reclaiming a more thoughtful approach to worship. In so doing, we are holding up a standard which is precious, thought-provoking, mysterious, intoxicating and, above all, worthy of the act of worship.

As pianist and columnist Stephen Hough says in his article  ‘Do Not Touch Me’: The Wisdom Of Anglican Thresholds.

“Most religious celebrations gather us around a table of some sort. They hand us a book, or a plate, or speak a word demanding a response. They want to ‘touch’ us. Choral Evensong is a liturgical expression of Christ’s Nolle me tangere – ‘Do not touch me. I have not yet ascended to my Father’ (St. John 20: 17). It reminds us that thresholds can be powerful places of contemplation; and that leaving someone alone with their thoughts is not always denying them hospitality or welcome.”

And as Fr. Duncan Dormor – Dean of St John’s College, Cambridge – reflects on the renewed popularity of Anglican choral worship amongst college students…

“Choral compline or evensong provide an accessible and non-threatening space within which young people can think about their lives and become accustomed to the idea of worship — to the possibility that worship might actually make sense.

In some ways, the Anglican choral tradition may well be entering a golden age — not necessarily a fresh, but certainly a refreshed and refresh­ing expression of Christian worship, fit for purpose in the 21st century.

That may appear counterintui­tive, although recent research from the United States, which seeks to identify characteristic types of reli­gious engagement among the young, suggests that a significant proportion of those becoming involved in Chris­tian worship can be described as “Reclaimers”. Like many others, they seek religious experience rather than instruction or dogma, but, unlike some, they reject most of the elements of contemporary worship, seeking instead to reclaim estab­lished traditions, finding within them a refuge from the super­ficiality of much popular culture, and the onslaught of the commercial world.

This thesis finds strong support in the increased engagement with Anglican choral worship, where young people can reconnect with the depths of human experience, in a context that allows, indeed en­courages, them to think things through for themselves. Unsurpris­ingly, under such conditions, many find an intelligent, imaginatively engaged Christian faith compelling.

Yes, the social context of Oxford and Cambridge is somewhat exclusive and Oxbridge college chapels are not parish churches.  But there are points here worth considering – the place of non-eucharistic worship in giving space to meaningfully reflect on the  Christian story; the counter-cultural nature of traditional liturgy, challenging the hegemony of the market and its culture; the phenomenon of the ‘Reclaimers’, suggestive of the extent to which in a post-Christendom society the Christian narrative can be authentically radical.  And all of this, of course, is given expression through the Anglican tradition, which surely speaks of the potential of this tradition even in the midst of our debates and divisions.”

And finally, some wisdom from Ecclesiastes…

What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done; there is nothing new under the sun. Is there a thing of which it is said, “See, this is new”? It has already been, in the ages before us. (Ecclesiastes 1: 9-10)

photo 2 (107)
Ralph Adams Cram and Henry Vaughan’s perfect sanctuary – The Chapel of St. Peter & St. Paul – on the St. Paul’s School campus.

No offense, but…


I make no apology for being of a rather sensitive disposition. I have become fairly good at acknowledging this quality in myself, and adjusting my gut reaction accordingly. “Strike while the iron is lukewarm!” has been a useful phrase in recent years, and I’m quite a master of the internalized, unvoiced response to the statement, “Gosh, you are so sensitive!” when it implies that this is a shortcoming. My silence, or my self-effacing brush off – whichever the mood seems to elicit – is masking a response that desperately wants to say “Actually, YOU are incredibly insensitive!” I thrive on sensitivity. It is a crucially important and positive element in my life and work. Humor is also very helpful as an aid to sanity…

Q: May I be frank?

A: Yes, of course, but I fail to see how changing your name will help anything…!

This morning, however, this hit particularly close to home when my darling six-year old son said to me, “No offense, but how did you get so fat?” I would be lying if I said that a small part of my inner confidence didn’t crumble at this observation. However, my overriding emotion was one of amusement that he could so innocently come up with such a zinger. (I shall also be kicking the diet and exercise routine into high gear first thing tomorrow, since my trip to the bathroom scale this evening demonstrated that his question was based, very substantially, in truth!)


The entertaining aspect is that my son is coming out with some choice phrases to preface his comments recently. We’ve been through the “Daddy, I really love you!” which usually precedes the question “Can I watch something on TV?” And now, in addition to the “No offense, but…” line, we often have the “Daddy? One question” line. Yesterday evening the conversation went thus:

E: “Daddy? One question. Do you have scissors?”

NW: (slightly worried) “Yes…I have some right here. Do you need some help?”

E: (without missing a beat) “Daddy? One question. (Which, of course, is the second question!) How do you spell DO NOT ENTER?”

Worrying though these questions could be, the humor of the exchange was the dominant factor, and I love to hear him experiment with recently acquired turns of phrase, often using them in less than appropriate ways…because he is a child!  This does bring to mind the many phrases we use in everyday conversation such as…“I don’t mean to be rude, but…” “With all due respect…” “May I be frank…?”  “No offense, but…!”

It is widely acknowledged – and highly amusing in a way – that there is a language barrier to negotiate when it comes to turns of phrase used by British people that are open to interpretation, depending on how the listener understands them. The chart below gives some common examples.


So, where do we go from here? I’m certainly not suggesting that we universally adopt a clinical and censored manner of speaking to each other that leaves nothing open to interpretation. How boring and predictable would that be?! Maybe there is something to be said for cleaning up the “qualifiers” and speaking a bit more directly? I mean, I’m not being rude or anything, but sometimes I really would suggest that you use a different tone of voice when you want to ask me a question. With all due respect, I was frankly a bit disappointed that you found it necessary to phrase it like that. I mean it’s a minor point, and I wasn’t hurt or anything, but I thought it would be best to be honest. Don’t worry, I’m not angry about it, and it’s not a big deal at all. No offense, really… I know I’m just being sensitive. Sorry…


Eric Idle says it best…sorry! No, really…

Where you lead, I will follow you…most of the time!

The spirit of collaboration is an essential component in the art of keyboard accompaniment. This has never been a question for me, I suppose, which is why it always seemed a bit unnecessary when the term collaborative pianist started making an appearance in place of accompanist. To me, the collaborative aspect of the exercise was a given. It was hard to deny that the introduction of the new term came about through the need to balance egos, and to equalize power and decision-making in the relationship, as well as to state with more accuracy what the role entailed. In other words, the artist formerly known as accompanist was now given a status equal to that of the principal solo artist. Personally, I am always happy to be referred to as an accompanist, and I have always viewed myself as having more to offer as accompanist than keyboard soloist.

Here’s how the dictionary defines each word:



It’s interesting how neither definition really implies a subservient role.

L to R: Nicholas White, John Rutter, Tim Brown – the Clare College Cambridge Collaboration – 1986-1989. Pictured here in NYC, September 11, 2002.

Beyond the terminology, there has always been a very important aspect to choral accompaniment when a second musician – the conductor – is directing the choir. This has everything to do with collaboration, and in my experience can elevate a performance from being a less than successful musical experience to being a truly magnificent and musically intact presentation. This relies on a basic understanding and flexibility from both conductor and accompanist, where ego leaves the room, and each musician is able to double-down on their action and reaction in the moment. In plain terms, the conductor has to know when to bend in order to fit the choir over the top (or underneath) what the organist is playing. They then need to know when a clear and unfussy beat is required in order to hold the ensemble together. Similarly, the organist needs to know when to push forward with a musical moment, thereby driving the choir forward. They also need to be able to control and delay their momentum at times when the conductor has the freedom to shape a cadence.

Specific examples?

If you are conducting the Duruflé Requiem, you will do well to simply allow the organist to play the piece (90% of the time) and lay the choral parts over the top with a precise beat. This is not the piece during which the conductor should get over directorial. Of course, a conversation or two beforehand about tempos and balances, as well as effective use of rehearsal time, will be a necessary part of this scenario.

Conversely, the ability for an organist to play a flexible supporting role whilst accompanying Anglican Chant, following the speech rhythms of recitative, or being sensitive in a solo singer’s passage is of paramount importance. A good example of this would be Mendelssohn’s Hear My Prayer.

In order for all of this to happen, both conductor and organist need to fully understand each other’s roles, in addition to having as much knowledge as possible about the choral art, and vocal technique. Equally important is that they trust and respect each other. Ideally, each person should be able to do the other’s job at the drop of a hat. I have been fortunate in working as accompanist to several fine conductors who trained and conducted fine choirs, and were willing to share that duty of training and conducting as they assumed the role of accompanist themselves. This was true collaboration, without the intrusion of power-play or ego, and with full understanding of the way in the which the ultimate goal should be met. When it was met, it was often a magic moment that required no prior discussion, post-mortem, or follow-up congratulation. It was on to the next one!

Nicholas White and Douglas Major – the Washington National Cathedral Collaboration. Maybe there was a little too much symbiotic collaboration here…! Pictured sometime in 1996.

I picture just a few significant musical partnerships here, not to deliberately omit the many other shorter-term or “one-off” collaborators. This article also doesn’t mention the many fine accompanists who have supported my work as a choral conductor, with mutual understanding and collaboration. That’s for another blog entry!

Betty Karol Wilson and Nicholas White – the West Texas Collaboration – following the first performance of A TIME OF PEACE on Saturday, August 6, 2016.

And this wouldn’t be complete without a few words from Carole King…from the Tapestry album, of course!



The Boston Cecilia 2016-2017 Season (1 of 3)

Handel, Mozart and the Psalms of David

Friday, October 14, 2016 at 8:00pm   Jordan Hall, Boston

Handel, Dixit Dominus

Mozart, Davide Penitente

This is the first in a three part series outlining the upcoming season for The Boston Cecilia. The next two articles will focus on the December and April concerts, but we begin our 141st season with a spectacular program of Handel and Mozart in Jordan Hall at The New England Conservatory in Boston. The two works to be performed are Handel’s youthful and exuberant setting of Psalm 110, Dixit Dominus, and Mozart’s oratorio that draws on the Psalms of David…and substantial quantities of music from his Great Mass in C Minor…entitled Davide Penitente. Falling during the year that would have marked the 80th birthday of my predecessor, Donald Teeters, who died exactly two years ago, this concert reflects many of Don’s musical tastes. By many accounts, Dixit Dominus was one of his favorite pieces of music. Beyond the musical selections, however, there is another very important aspect of Donald’s work that we are honoring.  After Don’s death in 2014, the Board of Directors established The Donald Teeters Fund. Several key mission-related uses for the funds have been established, and one of the purposes is to continue the engagement of new, young singers, in order to give them some exposure to Boston audiences. This was something that Don did consistently, supportively and intentionally. I am pleased to say that our excellent soloists for October 14th fall under that category, and I am excited to work with them all this Fall.

Soprano, Sarah Yanovitch is a recent graduate of the Yale School of Music and Institute of Sacred Music, where she was a student of James Taylor. Recent appearances as concert soloist include such works as the Fauré Requiem, Handel’s Messiah, Judas Maccabaeus, and Dixit Dominus.

More Info About Sarah

Soprano Emily Nöel, praised for her “sparkling performances” and “sheer vocal beauty” by The Washington Post, concertizes throughout North America and Europe in a wide variety of repertory expanding from the Medieval to the contemporary

More Info About Emily

Countertenor, Dr. Daniel Roihl has appeared as a soloist with numerous professional choirs throughout New England and Southern California, performed at early music festivals in Bloomington and Corona del Mar, and been featured on the soundtrack of the 2007 film I Am Legend.

More Info About Dan

Tenor Alexander Nishibun’s vibrant, youthful instrument and sensitive stage presence have been characterized as “a delight…” and “capable of stealing the show with a gesture” (Portland Press Herald). 

More Info About Alex

Bass, Charlie Evett is a giant in the field of a cappella bass singing. His thumping lines and Richter- scale solos powered Rockapella to national prominence, and now he is the sturdy foundation beneath The GrooveBarbers, which he co-founded.

More Info About Charlie

This is my first time conducting both of these works, although my love for each of them goes back three decades. I first performed Dixit Dominus as a singer with the Cambridge University Chamber Choir in 1988. Concerts in Cambridge, London and Rome of this masterpiece, in the context of the Carmelite Vespers of 1707, sealed it as one of my all-time favorite pieces of baroque music. Shortly after this, I presented Mozart’s Great Mass in C Minor (along with his oboe concerto) to an overflowing audience in Clare College Chapel. Mozart pulls in an audience, there’s no doubt about it, and this was a memorable occasion. As mentioned above, Mozart draws most of the musical material for Davide Penitente from the Kyrie and Gloria of this mass setting and adds two spectacular original solo arias.

Both of these works rely heavily on two outstanding soprano soloists, and these arias are not for the faint of heart. A memory that stays with me, from the 1988 performance of the C Minor Mass, is that I had casually asked a friend if she would sing the soprano solos for the Mozart Mass in C Minor, to which she agreed enthusiastically. One week before the performance, she contacted me all of a flutter, saying that there was no way she could do the concert. She hadn’t realized that this was not just any old Mozart mass! We found a replacement…at very short notice!

With an orchestra of Boston’s finest historically-informed players, on period instruments, at an unusual pitch of A=430 in order to perform Handel and Mozart on the same program, the five soloists named above, the dedicated and powerful chorus of The Boston Cecilia, and the elegant surroundings of Jordan Hall, this opening concert of our season is sure to have you wanting to return for Britten, Copland, Barber and others later on in the season. More information on the entire season may be found at The Boston Cecilia website.

The next entry in this blog will focus on Benjamin Britten’s A Ceremony of Carols, A Boy Was Born, Nicholas White’s Alleluia! Puer Natus Est Nobis, the Women’s Ensemble of St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH, and the two remarkable concert venues: The Church of the Advent and All Saints, Brookline.


This Was Unexpected! What Do I Do Now?

So, you know that thing that happens when you have an interview process to fill a vacant job and you, like, accept applications and nominations? And then you, like, whittle down the applicant pool to a shortlist of ten to twelve people who seem to meet the necessary criteria for full consideration? And then you, like, meet with five or six applicants in person and hear in some detail what they think they can offer your organization? And then there’s that one time when you are going through the process and you realize that things have gone a bit wrong, and there’s really not a suitable candidate out of the ones you’ve, like, shortlisted. And then you have to, like, start the whole process over, because there’s no point in compromising the situation? And then you, like, sing this song to yourself:

So, like, don’t you think that should happen with really important appointments like president of a country…? Just wondering…

Oh, and you know that time that Al Gore was, like, elected president, but then they fixed the results so that George W. Bush got the job instead? Well, if one of the current candidates for the job got elected because a lot of really badly informed people with bad judgement voted for this candidate who was  like, for example, the one who doesn’t know anything about how to be a president, and who would put the country in a really, really unsafe position, and who would basically be a danger to society, then do you think something similar might happen where the other candidate gets the job instead, even though they didn’t get as many votes, officially, like?

Oh, and remember Brexit? Like, when more than half the people who voted for Britain to leave the EU turned round afterwards and said, “Oh shit, I don’t think I really understood what it would mean if Britain left the EU, but it sounded like a good idea when I voted, but I think we’ve really buggered it up now!” Well, do you think it might be a bit like that in America right now, where a lot of people are shallow enough to actually believe the hype about “making America great again” because they are feeling a bit fed up with the status quo, and it’s easier to just get swept up in the radical sensationalism that this kind of election process allows and encourages and, like, vote for the idiot that spouts things that sound good to them at the moment? And then, do you think that a lot of them might turn round in November, when it becomes obvious that things have taken a horrible turn, and, like, say “Oh shit, I don’t think I really understood what it would mean if this person became president, but it sounded like a good idea when I voted; but I think we’ve really buggered it up now!”

Oh, and remember the 1990’s? Like, that was really awesome, wasn’t it?


Figurehead? Powermonger? Does it matter?

Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox from the TV adaptation of “The Hitchhikers Guide To The Galaxy.”

Back in November 2000, on the night of the presidential election, I went to bed thinking one man would be the next President of the United States. I was awoken shortly afterwards by a highly distressed and tearful friend who told me that a different man had won. After getting through the confusion of the moment, I casually suggested that my friend not worry about it. “It really doesn’t matter who holds that position,” I said. “It’s just a figurehead position, with other people doing the work that matters.” My friend vehemently rejected my naïve notion, and I soon realized exactly how wrong I had been.


Sixteen years later, I am worried. I am worried that it has been possible for the United States to go down a path that has led to this hugely dangerous and potentially disastrous presidential election. I am worried that it is possible for one man to be so hungry for power, and so severely delusional about his own shortcomings. I am mostly worried that there are so many people – some of them acquaintances of mine – who have had the wool pulled over their eyes, and actually think it would be a good idea to have this tyrant in office. At this point, I am hoping against hope that this particular incumbent would simply be a figurehead, with others making the decisions and doing the real work. However, most of us know that this will not be the case.

The bucolic campus of St. Paul’s School, Concord, NH.

As I begin the final year of my five year term as Head of the Arts department at St. Paul’s School, I am aware of the way in which my approach to the job has changed over the years. During my first year, I commented to one of my colleagues that it really felt like I was in a figurehead position, involving a lot of leading by delegation, convening of the minds, acting as a conduit for the flow of information, and as a supporter for the arts program…aside from my own particular niche of creative responsibility in chapel music. What I have realized over the weeks, months and years, while negotiating challenges, streamlining communications, strategizing possibilities, and dealing with the day-to-day responsibilities – whether mundane, or hugely consequential – is that this has been an exercise in balance. Being open, thoughtful, and responsive to situations has been crucial. Leading by example, asking questions, broadening my knowledge, listening to people, stepping up to conflict, admitting error, holding fast to my own values, demonstrating flexibility, being patient, staying cool, working hard, and keeping a positive outlook.  All of these qualities are continually developing in me, and I am extremely grateful to have had this opportunity. I retreat into my own space to refuel…frequently…and my desire for authority is founded upon a hunger for efficiency and effectiveness, not upon power and possessiveness. Control? Yes, there is a little bit of that there too…

Ubi Caritas - Full Score
The first page of a new setting of the Latin hymn “Ubi caritas” which I composed this weekend.


“Where charity and love prevail, God himself is there.” What I do in the summertime is write a lot of music, blog – which helps me to get my thoughts together –  and generally prepare for the busy year ahead. I am powerless when it comes to choosing the next president. However, I am powerful when it comes to choosing how I spend my time, choosing my friends, and making  thoughtful decisions concerning my loved ones. It is on that creative power that I shall dwell and, God willing, prevail.

My beautiful wife, Kate, with me on the island of Aruba last week. Zaphod has nothing on us!